Weissenburg, 1880 - 1966

Hans Hofmann

Hans Hofmann was born in Weissenburg in Bavaria, Germany in 1880. He studied art in Munich and Paris, where he lived from 1904-14. He returned to Germany in 1914, and in 1915 he opened an art school in Munich. In 1930, Hofmann traveled to the United States, and from 1930-32 he taught at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles. Because of the growing hostility toward intellectuals in Germany, Hofmann decided to remain in America.

In 1932, Hofmann moved to New York. He taught at the Art Students League, then opened the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts in 1934.

During his lifetime, Hofmann’s work was the subject of exhibitions at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco, his...

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Biography

Hans Hofmann was born in Weissenburg in Bavaria, Germany in 1880. He studied art in Munich and Paris, where he lived from 1904-14. He returned to Germany in 1914, and in 1915 he opened an art school in Munich. In 1930, Hofmann traveled to the United States, and from 1930-32 he taught at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles. Because of the growing hostility toward intellectuals in Germany, Hofmann decided to remain in America.

In 1932, Hofmann moved to New York. He taught at the Art Students League, then opened the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts in 1934.

During his lifetime, Hofmann’s work was the subject of exhibitions at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco, his first exhibition in the United States (1931); the Art of This Century Gallery (1944); the Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA (1948); Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY (1957); the XXX Venice Biennale (1960); and The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY (1963).

Hofmann’s work is in many permanent collections including The Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, New York; Musée de Grenoble; Grenoble, France; National Gallery of Australia, Canberra; Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany; Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv; and the Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich.

Hofmann died in 1966 in New York at the age of 85.

Artworks

29

[Untitled], c. 1960 - 1965

RELATED CATEGORIES

Abstract Expressionism / Abstract Painting / American Abstract Expressionism / Bold Color / European Modernism / Modern / New York / Oil Painting / Painting / Pictorial Structure / Spatial Illusionism

CURRICULUM VITAE

Selected Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Hans Hofmann, Miles McEnery Gallery, New York

  • 2018

    Hofmann’s Ways: early drawings 1898-1934, Museum Pfalzgalerie, Kaiserslautern

  • Fields of Color, Yares Projects, New York

Chronology

  • 1966

    Hofmann’s final exhibition at the Kootz Gallery, New York, opens on 1 February. He dies on 17 February in New York. His exhibition at Kootz closes 26 February.

  • 1965

    Hofmann is awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree by Pratt Institute, New York. He marries Renate Schmitz and completes “The Renate Series.”

  • 1964

    Hofmann receives an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim International Award. He becomes a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters, New York. Renate Schmitz inspires “The Renate Series.”

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Curriculum Vitae

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Selected Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Hans Hofmann, Miles McEnery Gallery, New York

  • 2018

    Hofmann’s Ways: early drawings 1898-1934, Museum Pfalzgalerie, Kaiserslautern

  • Fields of Color, Yares Projects, New York

  • 2017

    Creation in Form and Color: Hans Hofmann, Kunstalle Bielefeld, Bielefeld; traveled to MuMusée National d’Histoire et d’Art, Luxembourg (28 September 2017 - 14 January 2018)

  • Hans Hofmann: The Last Decade - Major Paintings, 1955-1965, Yares Art, New York

  • Hans Hofmann: The Post-War Years, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • 2016

    Hans Hofmann: The Summer Studio, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • 2015

    Black/White, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • Jahrhundertzeichen: Tel Aviv Museum of Art Visits Berlin/The Century Mark, Berliner Festspiele, Berlin

  • The New York School, 1969: Henry Geldzahler at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York

  • 2014

    Hans Hofmann: Selected Paintings, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • Why Nature? Hofmann, Mitchell, Pousette-Dart, Stamos, Hollis Taggart Galleries, New York

  • Rothko to Richter: Mark-Making in Abstract Painting from the Collection of Preston H. Haskell, Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton; travel to Cummer Museum of Art, Jacksonville (31 January - 26 April 2015)

  • Hans Hofmann—Joan Mitchell—Sam Francis, Galerie Thomas Modern, Munich

  • 2013

    Hans Hofmann, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • Between Art and Life, American Contemporary Art Gallery, Munich

  • From Abstract Expression to Colored Planes, Seattle Art Museum, Seattle

  • Hans Hofmann: Magnum Opus, Museum Pfalzgalerie, Kaiserslautern

  • Pollock and the Triumph of American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York

  • Art across America, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles; travel to The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; Philadelphia Museum of Art; Terra Foundation for American Art, Chicago; National Museum Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, and Daejeon Museum of Art, Daejeon, Korea

  • 2012

    Abstract Expressionism: The National Gallery of Australia Celebrates the Centenaries of Jackson Pollock and Morris Louis, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra

  • Art of Another Kind: International Abstraction and the Guggenheim, 1949–1960, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York

  • ART in Embassies Program, American Ambassador’s Residence Luxembourg, Washington, D.C.

  • Hans Hofmann: Art Like Life Is Real, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • 2011

    Gesture and Abstraction: AbEx Gallery Selections, Hollis Taggart Galleries, New York

  • Selections from the PAAM Collection, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown

  • Evolution in Action, Michael Rosenfeld Gallery, New York

  • Summer Group Show, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • The Tides of Provincetown: Pivotal Years in America’s Oldest Continuous Art Colony, New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain; traveled to Museum of American Art, Greensburg (30 October 2011–22 January 2012); Wichita Art Museum (5 February–29 April); Cape Cod Museum of Art, Dennis (18 May–26 August)

  • Mannerism and Modernism: The Kasper Collection of Drawings and Photographs, The Morgan Library & Museum, New York

  • 2010

    Hans Hofmann: Pictures of Summer: Paintings & Works on Paper, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • Das Geistige in der Kunst—Vom Blauen Reiter zum Abstrakten Expressionismun, Museum Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden

  • Hans Hofmann, Lee Krasner, Jackson Pollock, Neighbors in a Great Experiment, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • Hans Hofmann: Sketching Along the Road, Ameringer | McEnery | Yohe, New York

  • 2009

    Days Lumberyard Studios, Provincetown 1915–1972, Acme Fine Art and Design, Boston

  • From Unuhús to West 8th Street, Reykjavik Art Museum, Reykjavik

  • Hans Hofmann: Circa 1956, The Rose Art Museum of Brandeis University, Waltham; traveled to The Philbrook Museum, Tulsa, (21 February–9 May 2010) and The Weatherspoon Art Museum of The University of North Carolina, Greensboro

  • 2008

    Peggy Guggenheim la Nuova Pittura Americana, Guggenheim a Vercelli, former Church of San Marco, Vercelli

  • Beyond the Canon: Small Scale American Abstraction 1945–1965, Robert Miller Gallery, New York

  • Hans Hofmann: Poems & Paintings on Paper, Ameringer & Yohe Fine Art, New York

  • Action Painting: Jackson Pollock, Fondation Beyeler, Basel

  • 2007

    Color as Field: American Painting 1950–1975, Denver Art Museum, Denver; organized by the American Federation of Arts and curated by Karen Wilkin; travel to Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C. (29 February–26 May 2008) and Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville (20 June–21 September 2008)

  • Hans Hofmann: Exuberant Eye, KN Gallery, Chicago

  • 2006

    Hans Hofmann, American Contemporary Art Gallery, Munich

  • The Making of a Modernist: Hans Hofmann, Berkeley Art Museum & Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley

  • The Unabashed Unconscious: Reflections on Hofmann and Surrealism, Ameringer & Yohe Fine Art, New York

  • 2005

    École de New York: Expressionnisme abstrait américain oeuvres sur papier (The New York School: Abstract Expressionism), Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Nice

  • Hans Hofmann: The Legacy, The Painting Center, New York

  • A Time & Place: East and West Coast Abstraction From the ’60s and ’70s, Gagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills

  • Hans Hofmann: Search for the Real, Ameringer & Yohe Fine Art, New York

  • 2004

    Action Painting. Arte Americana 1940–1970: Dal disengno all’opera, (curated by Luca Massimo Barbero), Foro Boario, Modena

  • Reuniting an Era: Abstract Expressionists of the 1950s, Rockford Art Museum, Rockford

  • Palm Beach Classic, International Pavilion of the Palm Beaches, West Palm Beach

  • 2003

    Hans Hofmann: A Retrospective, curated by Karen Wilkin, Napes Museum of Art, Naples

  • Hans Hofmann Works on Paper, Galerie d'Arts Decoratifs, Miami

  • Hans Hofmann’s Provincetown: Paintings and Works on Paper, Ameringer & Yohe Fine Art, Boca Raton

  • Hans Hofmann: Selected Paintings From the University of California, Berkeley Art Museum and the Estate of the Artist, Ameringer & Yohe Fine Art, New York

  • JFK and Art, The Bruce Museum, Greenwich; traveled to the Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach (7 February - 2 May 2004)

  • Seeing Red: International Exhibition of Nonobjective Painting, The Bertha and Karl Leubsdorf Art Gallery, Hunter College, New York

  • 2002

    Hans Hofmann: A Retrospective View, Paintings 1935–1965, Riva Yares Gallery, Scottsdale

  • Hans Hofmann: Paintings From the 1960s, The Berkeley Museum Collection, Marion Koogler McNay Art Museum, San Antonio; traveled to Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art (5 October–19 January 2003), Akron Art Museum (20 September 2003–3 January 2004), Des Moines Art Center (21 August 2004–31 October 2004)

  • Hans Hofmann: Evolution/Revolution, Hackett-Freedman Modern, San Francisco

  • 1940 to 1950: The Breakthrough of American Painting, Kranner Art Museum, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign

  • Jackson Pollock in America/The “Irascibles” and the New York School, a project by Giandomenico Romanelli, Daniela Ferretti and Vicenzo Sanfo, Centro Culturale Caniani, Venice

  • 2001

    Twentieth Century Exiles: Artists Fleeing Hitler’s Oppression, Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn

  • Da Kandinsky a Pollock: La vertigine della non-forma, Museo Cantonale d'Arte, Lugano

  • The Clement Greenberg Collection, Portland Art Museum, Portland

  • Picturing America: American Art From the Museum’s Permanent Collection, The Newark Museum, Newark

  • Hans Hofmann: Retrospective on Paper, Ameringer/Howard/Yohe Fine Art, New York

  • Hans Hofmann: The Summer Studio, Ameringer/Howard/Yohe Fine Art, Boca Raton

  • Hans Hofmann: Paintings, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco

  • 2000

    Hans Hofmann, Crane Kalman Gallery, London

  • Hans Hofmann: Four Decades in Provincetown, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown

  • Hans Hofmann, The Summer Studio: Provincetown Drawings, Berta Walker Gallery, Provincetown

  • Hans Hofmann: The Summer Studio, Ameringer/Howard Fine Art, New York

Chronology

  • 1966

    Hofmann’s final exhibition at the Kootz Gallery, New York, opens on 1 February. He dies on 17 February in New York. His exhibition at Kootz closes 26 February.

  • 1965

    Hofmann is awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree by Pratt Institute, New York. He marries Renate Schmitz and completes “The Renate Series.”

  • 1964

    Hofmann receives an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim International Award. He becomes a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters, New York. Renate Schmitz inspires “The Renate Series.”

  • 1963

    Miz Hofmann dies. A retrospective exhibition, Hans Hofmann and His Students, organized by William Seitz under the auspices of The Museum of Modern Art, travels throughout the United States, South America, and Europe. Hofmann signs an agreement to donate fortyfive paintings to the University of California, Berkeley, to fund the construction of a gallery in his honor.

  • 1962

    A retrospective exhibition opens at the Fränkische Galerie am Marientor, Nuremburg, Germany, and travels to Cologne, Berlin and Munich. The exhibition Oils on Paper 1961-1962 opens in Munich. Hofmann is awarded honorary membership in the Akademie der Bildende Kunst in Nuremberg and an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree by Dartmouth College.

  • 1960

    Hofmann represents the United States, along with Philip Guston, Franz Kline, and Theodore Roszac, at the Venice Biennale.

  • 1958

    Hofmann ceases teaching to devote himself to painting. He moves his studios into his former New York and Provincetown schools. He completes a mosaic mural for the New York School of Printing at 439 West 49th Street.

  • 1957

    A retrospective exhibition is held at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. It travels to Des Moines, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Minneapolis, Utica and Baltimore.

  • 1956

    Hofmann designs mosaic murals for the lobby of the William Kaufmann Building, 711 Third Avenue, New York. A retrospective is held at the Art Alliance in Philadelphia.

  • 1955

    Clement Greenberg organizes a small retrospective of Hofmann’s paintings at Bennington College in Vermont.