Lawnton, 1898 - 1976

Alexander Calder

Alexander Calder (b. 1898, Lawnton, Pennsylvania; d. 1976, New York) is one of the most acclaimed and influential sculptors of the twentieth century. He is renowned for the invention of the mobile, a kinetic construction of suspended abstract elements that describe individual movements, moving and balancing in changing harmony. Calder also devoted himself to making outdoor sculpture on a grand scale from bolted sheets of steel, many of which stand in public plazas in cities throughout the world.

Calder’s work has been the subject of recent solo exhibitions at major museums around the world, including Performing Sculpture, Tate Modern, London (2016); Motion Lab, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2016); Calder Monumental, Denver Botanic Gardens (2017); Hypermobility, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (2017); Scaling Up, San Francisco Museum...

learn more about this artist

Biography

Alexander Calder (b. 1898, Lawnton, Pennsylvania; d. 1976, New York) is one of the most acclaimed and influential sculptors of the twentieth century. He is renowned for the invention of the mobile, a kinetic construction of suspended abstract elements that describe individual movements, moving and balancing in changing harmony. Calder also devoted himself to making outdoor sculpture on a grand scale from bolted sheets of steel, many of which stand in public plazas in cities throughout the world.

Calder’s work has been the subject of recent solo exhibitions at major museums around the world, including Performing Sculpture, Tate Modern, London (2016); Motion Lab, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2016); Calder Monumental, Denver Botanic Gardens (2017); Hypermobility, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (2017); Scaling Up, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2017); Radical Inventor, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (2018); and Calder-Picasso at the Musée Picasso, Paris (2019).

Artworks

1

PADS AND SHOOTS, 1966

Related Categories

20th Century Art / Abstract Sculpture / Abstraction / American Art / Art after World War II / Art of the 1960s / Artists of All Time / Balance and Harmony / Contemporary American Art / Kinetic Art / Less is More / Metal / Mobile / Movement / New York / Organic Forms / Sculpture / Steel Wire / United States / Wire

Curriculum Vitae

Education

  • 1919

    Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, M.E.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Alexander Calder, Pace Gallery, 540 West ober 26, 2019.

  • Calder: Stories, Centro Botín, Santander, Spain, June 29–October 20, 2019.

  • 2018

    Alexander Calder: Theater of Encounters, Fundación Proa, Buenos Aires, September 8, 2018–February 24, 2019.

Selected Group Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Levity/Density, Kasmin Gallery, New York, July 11–August 16, 2019.

view full CV

Curriculum Vitae

The artist CV shows the details after 2000s.
To access the artist’s full CV, please click the download button at the end.

Education

  • 1919

    Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, M.E.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Alexander Calder, Pace Gallery, 540 West ober 26, 2019.

  • Calder: Stories, Centro Botín, Santander, Spain, June 29–October 20, 2019.

  • 2018

    Alexander Calder: Theater of Encounters, Fundación Proa, Buenos Aires, September 8, 2018–February 24, 2019.

  • Calder: Nonspace, Hauser & Wirth, Los Angeles, October 27, 2018–January 6, 2019.

  • Calder: La Geometria del Color, ARTALROC, Escaldes-Engordany, Andora, May 22–September 2, 2018.

  • I mondi di Calder: Opere, trace e momorie di un grande artisa a Spoleto, Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Florence, April 28–July 29, 2018.

  • Alexander Calder: Radical Inventor, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, September 21, 2018–February 24, 2019. Traveled to: National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, April 5–August 4, 2019. Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: From the Stony River to the Sky, Hauser & Wirth Somerset, United Kingdom, May 26–September 9, 2018. (Catalogue)

  • 2017

    Alexander Calder: Scaling Up, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, October 21, 2017–August 19–2018.

  • Calder on Paper: 1960–1976, Saatchi Gallery, London, September 27–December 8, 2017.

  • Alexander Calder: La Gouacherie, Musée Zervos, Vézelay, France, July 1–October 31, 2017. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: Forgeron de Géantes Libellules, Musée Soulages, Rodez, France, June 24–October 29, 2017. (Catalogue)

  • Calder: Hypermobility, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, June 9–October 23, 2017.

  • Calder Monumental, Denver Botanic Gardens, Colorado, April 28–September 24, 2017.

  • 2016

    The Boldness of Calder, Louisa Guinness Gallery, London, September 27–November 5, 2016.

  • Calder in the Alps, Hauser & Wirth, Gstaad, Switzerland, July 14–March 31, 2017.

  • Alexander Calder, Pace Hong Kong, 15C Entertainment Building, 30 Queen's Road Central, May 28–July 16, 2016.

  • Alexander Calder: Motion Lab, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, May 14, 2016–September 10, 2017.

  • 2015

    Calder, Heather James Fine Art, Palm Desert, California, November 27, 2015–May 30, 2016.

  • Alexander Calder: Performing Sculpture, Tate Modern, London, November 11, 2015–April 3, 2016. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: Retrospective, Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, June 8–August 30, 2015. (Catalogue)

  • Calder ’67, Fondazione Vedova, Venice, May 6–October 18, 2015.

  • Calder Lightness, Pulitzer Arts Foundation, Saint Louis, May 1–September 12, 2015. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: Multum In Parvo, Dominique Lévy Gallery, New York, April 22–June 13, 2015. (Catalogue)

  • Calder: Discipline of the Dance, Museo Jumex, Mexico City, March 22–June 28, 2015. (Catalogue)

  • 2014

    Calder: Space in Play, James Goodman Gallery, New York, October 22–December 19, 2014.

  • Alexander Calder, Seagram Building, New York, October 5–November 10, 2014.

  • Alexander Calder at the Seagram Building, New York, October 1–November 10, 2014.

  • Calder: Space in Play, James Goodman Gallery, New York, October 22–December 19, 2014.

  • Calder Gallery III—Calder Frühe Abstrakte Malerei und Skulptur, Fondation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland, September 27, 2014–September 6, 2015.

  • Calder: Jewelry, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, July 10–August 17, 2014.

  • Alexander Calder in the Rijksmuseum Summer Sculpture Garden, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, June 21–October 5, 2014. (Catalogue)

  • Hommage à Alexander Calder a l’occasion du 50ème anniversaire de la Fondation Maeght, Musée d’Art Modern et d’Art Contemporain, Nice, France, May 24–September 7, 2014.

  • Alexander Calder: Gouaches, Gagosian Gallery, New York, May 8–June 14, 2014, and London, June 10–July 26, 2014.

  • Alexander Calder: The Art of Invention, Pace Menlo Park, California, April 17–May 10, 2014.

  • 2013

    Calder and Abstraction: From Avant-Garde to Iconic, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, November 24, 2013–July 27, 2014. Traveled to: Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts, September 6, 2014–January 4, 2015. (Catalogue)

  • Calder: Shadows, Venus Over Manhattan, New York, November 4–December 21, 2013.

  • MCA DNA: Alexander Calder, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, October 12, 2013–May 10, 2015.

  • Alexander Calder: Avant-Garde in Motion, Kunst Sammlung Nordrhein Westfalen, Düsseldorf, September 7, 2013–January 12, 2014. (Catalogue)

  • Calder, Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, July 18–October 20, 2013. (Catalogue)

  • Calder at the Castle, Sudeley Castle, Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, June 22–October 22, 2013. (Catalogue)

  • Calder Gallery II—Trees, Naming Abstraction, Fondation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland, June 8, 2013–January 12, 2014. (Catalogue)

  • Calder After the War, Pace London, 6 Burlington Gardens, April 19–June 7, 2013. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: Sculpture, Works on Paper, and Jewelry, Ben Brown Fine Arts, Hong Kong, February 28–April 3, 2013.

  • Calder, Cahiers d’Art, Paris, February 19–May 19, 2013.

  • 2012

    Calder: The Complete Bronzes, L & M Arts, New York, October 25–February 9, 2013. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder, The Sculpture Garden at 590 Madison Avenue, New York, August 1–November 30, 2012.

  • Calder Noir, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, July 12–August 17, 2012.

  • Calder in India, Ordovas, London, May 31–August 3, 2012. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder, Crane Kalman Gallery, London, May 24, 2012–June 30, 2012.

  • Calder Gallery, Fondation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland, May 25, 2012–May 25, 2013. (Brochure)

  • Alexander Calder, Crane Kalman Gallery, London, May 24–June 30, 2012.

  • Alexander Calder, L & M Arts, Los Angeles, April 27–June 16, 2012.

  • Alexander Calder: De grote ontdekking, Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, The Netherlands, February 11–May 28, 2012.

  • 2011

    Litografie Originali da "Derriére le Miroir,” Gallery Sant'Angelo, Biella, Italy, November 12–December 31 2011.

  • Alexander Calder: The Painter, Helly Nahmad Gallery, New York, November 7, 2011–January 28, 2012. (Catalogue)

  • Calder 1941, The Pace Gallery, 32 East 57th Street, New York, October 21–December 23, 2011. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: Gouaches, Pace Prints, 32 East 57th Street, New York, October 21–November 26, 2011.

  • Calder, Huntington Museum of Art, West Virginia. June 4–7 August 7, 2011.

  • Calder’s Portraits: A New Language, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C., March 11–August 14, 2011. (Catalogue)

  • Calder, Gagosian Gallery, London, February 8–March 26, 2011.

  • 2010

    Alexander Calder, Galería Elvira González, Madrid, November 5–December 2010. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder, Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York, September 14–November 13, 2010.

  • Alexander Calder, Gerald Peters Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico, July 23–October 2, 2010.

  • Alexander Calder and Contemporary Art: Form, Balance, Joy, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, June 26–October 17, 2010; Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas, December 11, 2010–March 6, 2011; Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, CA, April 10–September 4, 2011; Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, February 16–June 17, 2012. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder, Gagosian Gallery, New York, February 26–April 10, 2010.

  • 2009

    Alexander Calder: Printmaker, Bruce Museum, Greenwich, Connecticut, October 31, 2009–January 31, 2010.

  • Alexander Calder: Monumental Sculpture, Gagosian Gallery, Rome, October 29, 2009–January 30, 2010. (Catalogue)

  • Calder: Sculptor of Air, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, October 23, 2009–February 14, 2010. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: A Balancing Act, Seattle Art Museum, Washington, October 15, 2009–April 11, 2010.

  • Alexander Calder: Color in Motion, San Jose Museum of Art, California, August 1–December 13, 2009.

  • Alexander Calder: 1969—The Fortieth Anniversary of La Grande Vitesse, Frederik Meijer Gardens and Sculpture Park, Grand Rapids, Michigan, June 5–September 7, 2009.

  • 2008

    Alexander Calder: The Paris Years 1926–1933, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, October 16, 2008–February 15, 2009. Traveled to: Centre Pompidou, Musée national d’art moderne, Paris, March 18–July 20, 2009; Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, October 3, 2009–January 10, 2010. (Catalogue)

  • Alexandre Calder en Touraine, Château de Tours, France, June 6–October 19, 2008. (Catalogue)

  • Calder Goauches, Brame & Lorenceau, Paris, May 22–July 4, 2008. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder, Galerie Gmurzynska, Zurich, April 19–May 24, 2008.

  • Alexander Calder: Gouaches, Ricco Maresca, New York, April 17–May 17, 2008.

  • Calder Jewelry, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, February 23–June 15, 2008. Traveled to: Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania, July 12–October 19, 2008; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, December 9, 2008–March 1, 2009; Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin, March 31–June 22, 2009; San Diego Museum of Art, California, July 25, 2009–January 3, 2010; Grand Rapids Art Museum, Michigan, January 29–April 18, 2010. (Catalogue)

  • Le Cirque Calder Commence, Galerie Gmurzynska, St. Moritz, February 8–April 1, 2008.

  • Alexander Calder: Inspired by Motion, Simmons Visual Arts Center, Brenau University, Gainesville, Georgia, February 5–March 30, 2008.

  • 2007

    Simplicity of Means: Calder and the Devised Object, Jonathan O’Hara Gallery, New York, October 25–December 8, 2007. (Catalogue)

  • Calder Gouaches, Galerie Alfa, Paris, September 15–23, 2007.

  • Focus: Alexander Calder, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, September 14, 2007–February 18, 2008.

  • Gioca e Impara con Alexander Calder, Museo della Scultura Contemporaneo, Matera, Italy, May 20–June 21, 2007.

  • 2006

    Alexander Calder: A Forma e o Sonho, Fórum Eugénio de Almeida, Évora, Portugal, December 6, 2006–1 April 1, 2007.

  • Calder: La Forma y El Sueño, Centro de Arte Tomás y Valiente, Madrid, November 29, 2006–January 28, 2007. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: Gouaches 1942–1976, PaceWildenstein, 32 East 57th Street, New York, September 22–October 21, 2006. (Catalogue)

  • I Think Best in Wire: Alexander Calder, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, June 29–September 10, 2006.

  • Alexander Calder: The Kite that Never Flew, Nevada Museum of Art, Reno, June 3–November 12, 2006.

  • Calder in Brazil: The Tale of a Friendship, Pinacoteca de Estado de São Paolo, Brazil, August 15–October 15, 2006. Traveled to: Paço Imperial, Rio de Janeiro, as Calder no Brazil, November 21, 2006–11 February 11, 2007. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder: Mobiles, Jonathan O’Hara Gallery, New York, May 9–June 16, 2006.

  • Alexander Calder in New York, City Hall Park, New York, April 24, 2006–March 18, 2007.

  • Alexander Calder: Sculpture and Works on Paper, John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco, April 4–26, 2006.

  • Fetes, Institute for the Humanities, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, March 6–April 7, 2006.

  • Alexander Calder: From Model to Monument, PaceWildenstein, 545 West 22nd Street, New York, February 3–March 4, 2006. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder Works on Paper, Adam Gallery, London, February 1–14, 2006. (Catalogue)

  • 2005

    Alexander Calder: Mobiles, Gouaches and an Airplane, Eaton Fine Art, Inc., West Palm Beach, Florida, December 2, 2005–January 28, 2006.

  • Alexander Calder: The Modernist, Galerie Gmurzynska, Zurich, October 26, 2005–January 30, 2006. (Catalogue)

  • The Surreal Calder, The Menil Collection, Houston, September 30, 2005–January 8, 2006. Traveled to: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California, March 3–May 30, 2005; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota, June 11–September 10, 2006. (Catalogue)

  • Calder ou l’équilibre poétique, Hôtel Dassault, Paris, June 30–September 15, 2005. (Catalogue).

  • Alexander Calder: Two Monumental Sculptures, Gagosian Gallery, New York, June 4–July 29, 2005.

  • Alexander Calder 60’s–70’s, Galleria Gió Marconi, Milan, April 14–May 7, 2005.

  • Calder: The Forties, Thomas Dane, London, April 13–May 21, 2005. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder 1898–1976, Samuel Vanhoegaerden Gallery, Knokke, Belgium, March 19–May 16, 2005.

  • 2004

    Calders on the Parkway, Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, November 4, 2004–December 31, 2005.

  • Wilde Work: Animal Drawings by Alexander Calder, National Museum of Wildlife Art, Jackson, Wyoming, June 3–October 24, 2004.(Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder Sculpture, Locks Gallery, Philadelphia, May 4–29, 2004.

  • Calder/Miró, Foundation Beyeler, Riehen, Switzerland, May 2–September 5, 2004. Traveled to: Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C., October 9, 2004–January 23, 2005. (Catalogue)

  • Large Scale Calders at 590, 590 Madison, New York, May 2, 2004–January 31, 2005.

  • Calder: Sculpture and Works on Paper, Elin Eagles-Smith Gallery, San Francisco, April 1–May 1, 2004

  • 2003

    Alexander Calder: Poetry In Motion, Kukje Gallery, Seoul, Korea, December 17, 2003–January 23, 2004. (Catalogue)

  • Calder: gouaches, sculptures, dessins, tapisseries, Musée Lodève, France, November 15, 2003–February 15, 2004. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder in Focus: Works from the Leonard and Ruth Horwich Family Loan, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, July 26, 2003–August 1, 2004.

  • The Whimsical World of Alexander Calder, Gerald Peters Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico, July 25–August 30, 2003. Traveled to: Gerald Peters Gallery, Dallas, September 10–October 10, 2003.

  • Alexander Calder, Gagosian Gallery, Beverly Hills, May 3–June 26, 2003.

  • Calder: Gravedad y la Gracia, Guggenheim Bilbao, March 18–October 7, 2003. Traveled to: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, November 27, 2003–February 16, 2004. (Catalogue)

  • Calder: A Modern Definition of Space, Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York, February 22–May 23, 2003. (Catalogue)

  • Calder in Miniature, PaceWildenstein at The Art Show, Art Dealers’ Association of America Art Fair, New York, February 20–24, 2003. (Catalogue)

  • 2002

    Calder: Four Maquettes, Two Stabiles & A Little Bird Too, Ameringer Yohe Fine Art, September 19–October 12, 2002. (Catalogue)

  • Alexander Calder in Focus: Works from the Leonard and Ruth Horwich Family Loan, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, July 20, 2002–January 5, 2003.

  • Alexander Calder: Summer Installation, PaceWildenstein, 32 East 57th Street, New York, July 11–25, 2002.

  • Calder ’76: The Cutouts, PaceWildenstein, 32 East 57th Street, New York, February 14–March 16, 2002. (Catalogue)

  • 2001

    Calder, Crane Kalman Gallery, London, October 23–November 24, 2001.

  • Alexander Calder: The Art of Invention, Bellagio Gallery of Fine Art, Las Vegas, October 6, 2001–February 3, 2002. (Catalogue)

  • Grand Intuitions: Calder’s Monumental Sculpture, Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, New York, May 21, 2001-November 15, 2003.

  • 2000

    Alexander Calder in Focus: Works from the Leonard and Ruth Horwich Family Loan, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, December 13, 2000–August 19, 2001.

  • Alexander Calder: Motion and Color, Iwaki City Art Museum, Japan, November 3–December 17, 2000. Traveled to: The Museum of Modern Art, Toyama, April 6–May 13, 2001; Hokkaido Obihiro Museum of Art, May 22–June 17, 2001; The Museum of Art, Kochi, June 26–August 2001; Hiroshima Prefectural Art Museum, September 2–October 14, 2001; Kawamura Memorial Museum, Chiba, October 20–December 16, 2001; Kumamoto Prefectural Museum of Art, December 22, 2001–February 11, 2002; Nagoya City Art Museum, February 20–April 7, 2002. (Catalogue)

  • Calder, Sala Pelaires, Palma de Mallorca, October 15, 2000–January 2001. (Catalogue)

  • Calder, Galerie Maeght, Paris, June 9–July 29, 2000.

  • Calder, Darga & Lansberg Galerie, Paris, May 26–July 30, 2000.

  • Calder in Connecticut, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, April 28–August 6, 2000. (Catalogue)

  • Double Tribute, Gordon Jewish Community Center, Nashville, Tennessee, April 16–May 10, 2000.

Selected Group Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Levity/Density, Kasmin Gallery, New York, July 11–August 16, 2019.