South Bend, 1907 - 2002

George Rickey

George Rickey was born in South Bend, Indiana in 1907. He began to study in Oxford in 1926, but went to Paris in 1929 where he finished his studies in 1930. In 1945, he made the first mobiles which were inspired by both the history of constructivist art and by the mobiles of Alexander Calder. He designed his works on the basis of the ideas of kinetic sculpture. In the 1950s and early 1960s, Rickey developed systems of motion for his sculpture that responded to the slightest variation in air currents. Unlike Jean Tiguely at his time, all of Rickey's mobiles and kinetic plastics moved without auxiliary engines instead relied on wind energy and gravitation for his works. Over the next three decades he developed sculpture with parts made of...

learn more about this artist

Biography

George Rickey was born in South Bend, Indiana in 1907. He began to study in Oxford in 1926, but went to Paris in 1929 where he finished his studies in 1930. In 1945, he made the first mobiles which were inspired by both the history of constructivist art and by the mobiles of Alexander Calder. He designed his works on the basis of the ideas of kinetic sculpture. In the 1950s and early 1960s, Rickey developed systems of motion for his sculpture that responded to the slightest variation in air currents. Unlike Jean Tiguely at his time, all of Rickey's mobiles and kinetic plastics moved without auxiliary engines instead relied on wind energy and gravitation for his works. Over the next three decades he developed sculpture with parts made of lines, planes, rotors, volumes, and churns, moving in paths that change from simple oscillation to conical gyrations, describing a variety of planes or volumes. Many works during this period have been large-scale public commissions for sites in the United States, Europe, and Japan. Rickey died at home in St. Paul, Minnesota, on 17 July 2002 at the age of 95.

Artworks

Two Lines Up Excentric Gyratory II, 1998

Related Categories

20th Century Art / Abstract Sculpture / Abstraction / American Art / Art of the 1990s / Constructivism / Constructivist Sculpture / Contemporary American Art / History/Historical Approach / Kinetic Art / Mobile / Nature / Point / Line / Plane / Sculpture / South Bend / Stainless Steel / United States

Curriculum Vitae

Education

  • 1949

    Institute of Design, Chicago, Illinois (1948-1949)

  • 1947

    Studied etching under Mauricio Lasansky, State University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

  • 1946

    Graduate study in art history, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, New York, NewYork (1945-1946)

Selected Solo Exhibitions

  • 2011

    George Rickey: Indoor/Outdoor, Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, New York

  • 2010

    George Rickey: Important Works from the Estate Marlborough Chelsea, Marlborough Gallery, New York, New York

  • George Rickey: Arc of Development, South Bend Museum of Art, South Bend, Indiana (2009-2010)

Selected Group Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Levity/Density, Kasmin Gallery, New York, New York

view full CV

Curriculum Vitae

The artist CV shows the details after 2000s.
To access the artist’s full CV, please click the download button at the end.

Education

  • 1949

    Institute of Design, Chicago, Illinois (1948-1949)

  • 1947

    Studied etching under Mauricio Lasansky, State University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

  • 1946

    Graduate study in art history, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, New York, NewYork (1945-1946)

  • 1941

    M.A. Modern History, Balliol College, Oxford, United Kingdom

  • 1930

    Academie Lhote and Academie Moderne, Paris, France (1929-1930)

  • 1929

    B.A. Modern History, Balliol College, Oxford, United Kingdom

  • Ruskin School of Drawing, Oxford, United Kingdom (1928-1929)

  • Balliol College, Oxford, United Kingdom (1926-1929)

  • 1926

    Trinity College, Glenalmond, Scotland (1921-1926)

Selected Solo Exhibitions

  • 2011

    George Rickey: Indoor/Outdoor, Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, New York

  • 2010

    George Rickey: Important Works from the Estate Marlborough Chelsea, Marlborough Gallery, New York, New York

  • George Rickey: Arc of Development, South Bend Museum of Art, South Bend, Indiana (2009-2010)

  • 2009

    A Life in Art: Works by George Rickey, Indianapolis Art Center, Indianapolis, Indiana

  • George Rickey Sculpture: A Retrospective, Vero Beach Museum of Art, Vero Beach, Florida; traveling to Frederik Meijer Gardens and Sculpture Park, Grand Rapids, Michigan; McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, Texas (2007-2009)

  • 2008

    George Rickey, Marlborough Gallery, London, United Kingdom

  • 2006

    George Rickey, in conjunction with group exhibition, “Momentum: Selections from the Kinetic Art Organization”, Grounds for Sculpture, Hamilton, New Jersey

  • George Rickey Sculptures, Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, New York

  • Deux Américains à Paris: Sculptures de George Rickey et Kenneth Snelson, Palais Royal, Paris, France

  • 2004

    George Rickey: Retrospective, Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, New York

  • 2003

    George Rickey: Kinetische Skulpturen, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg, Germany

  • Kinetische Skulpturen 1956-2000, Verlag der Galerie Brockstedt, Hamburg, Germany

  • 2001

    George Rickey: A Tribute, University Art Museum, University of California, Santa Barbara

  • George Rickey: Defining the Fourth Dimension, Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, New York

  • 2000

    George Rickey, Gallery Kasahara, Tokyo, Japan

  • George Rickey: A Retrospective 1958-2000, Soma Gallery, La Jolla, California

  • Park Avenue Malls Planting Projects, New York, New York, organized by the City of New York Parks & Recreation, installation of Annular Eclips V

Selected Group Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Levity/Density, Kasmin Gallery, New York, New York

Grants/Awards

  • 1987

    Election to Akademie der Künste Berlin, Berlin, Germany

  • 1986

    Governor’s Award, New York State, Albany, New York

  • 1981

    Citation, National Association of Schools of Arts, Washington, D.C.

  • 1979

    Creative Arts Award Medal, Brandeis University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

  • 1975

    Award for Sculpture, Indiana Arts Commission, Indianapolis, Indiana

  • 1974

    Elected to the American Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, New York

  • 1973

    Commission for sculpture, annually awarded, New York Council on the Arts, New York, New York

  • Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture Medal, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, New York, New York

  • Dillon Visiting Fellow, Gorton School, Warwick, Rhode Island

  • 1972

    Fine Arts Award, American Institute of Architects, Washington, D.C.

Collections

  • State Employment Building, Albany, New York

  • University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico

  • Grand Valley State College, Allendale, Michigan

  • Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts

  • Gerald Ford Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan

  • High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia

  • The Coca Cola Company, Atlanta, Georgia

  • Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland

  • City of Bellingham, Bellingham, Washington

  • University Art Museum, Bloomington, Indiana