Yeongju, b.1964

Lee Bul

Lee Bul (b. 1964, Yeongju; lives and works in Seoul) received a BFA in sculpture from Hongik University, Seoul, in 1987. Solo exhibitions of her work have been organized at the SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, GA (2019); Hayward Gallery, London (2018); Martin Gropius-BauArt, Berlin (2018); Art Sonje Center, Seoul (2016 and 2012); Vancouver Art Gallery (2015); Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2015); National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul (2014); Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, Luxembourg (2013); Mori Art Museum, Tokyo (2012); Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris (2007); The Power Plant, Toronto (2002); New Museum, New York (2002); and the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1997). Her work has been included in important group exhibitions and biennials such as May You Live In Interesting Times, 58th Venice...

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Biography

Lee Bul (b. 1964, Yeongju; lives and works in Seoul) received a BFA in sculpture from Hongik University, Seoul, in 1987. Solo exhibitions of her work have been organized at the SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, GA (2019); Hayward Gallery, London (2018); Martin Gropius-BauArt, Berlin (2018); Art Sonje Center, Seoul (2016 and 2012); Vancouver Art Gallery (2015); Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2015); National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul (2014); Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, Luxembourg (2013); Mori Art Museum, Tokyo (2012); Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris (2007); The Power Plant, Toronto (2002); New Museum, New York (2002); and the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1997). Her work has been included in important group exhibitions and biennials such as May You Live In Interesting Times, 58th Venice Biennale (2019); Score_ Music for Everyone, Daegu Art Museum, Daegu, Korea (2017); X: Korean Art in the Nineties, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul (2016); The future is already here – it’s just not very evenly distributed, 20th Biennale of Sydney (2016); Contemporary Art at the Guggenheim, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (2015); Burning Down the House, 10th Gwangju Biennale, Gwangju, Korea (2014); Prospect 1: A Biennial for New Orleans, New Orleans, LA (2008); Not Only Possible, But Also Necessary: Optimism in the Age of Global War, 10th International Istanbul Biennial (2007); and dAPERTutto, 48th Venice Biennale (1999). Her work is in numerous international public and private collections, including the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; M+, Hong Kong; Mori Art Museum, Tokyo; Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne; National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Korea; Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul; the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Tate Modern, London; and the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN.

In 2019, Lee Bul received the Ho-Am Prize for The Arts, which is awarded to people of Korean heritage who have contributed to the enrichment of culture and arts for humankind. In 2014, she received the Noon Award at the 10th Gwangju Biennale, given to an established artist who has produced the most experimental work that embodies the theme of the biennale. In 1999, Lee Bul was awarded an honorable mention at the 48th Venice Biennale for her contribution to both the Korean Pavilion and the international exhibition curated by Harald Szeemann.

Artworks

2

Perdu XXVIIII, 2019

Related Categories

21st Century Art / Abstract and Figurative / Acrylic Paint / Art of the 2010s / Asian Art / Atypical Forms and Shapes / Contemporary Asian Art / Contemporary Korean Art / Continuity / Human and Nature / Human Desire / Inspired by Literature / Lecture / Korean Art / Mixed Media Art / Mixed Media Painting / Mother of Pearl / Painting / Performance / Sculpture / Universal Human Condition / Utopia/Distopia / Women Artists

Curriculum Vitae

Education

  • 1987

    BFA, Sculpture, Hongik University, Seoul, South Korea

Solo Exhibitions

  • 2019

    InterludeL Perdu, Lehmann Maupin, New York, NY

  • City of the Sun, SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, GA

  • 2018

    Lee Bul: Crash, Martin Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany

Group Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Phantom Plane, Cyberpunk in the Year of the Future, Tai Kwun Contemporary, Hong Kong

  • Negotiating Boundaries, Korean Culture Centre UK, London, UK

  • Objects of Desire: Surrealism and Design 1924 – Today, Vitra Design Museum, Weil am Rhein, Germany

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Curriculum Vitae

The artist CV shows the details after 2000s.
To access the artist’s full CV, please click the download button at the end.

Education

  • 1987

    BFA, Sculpture, Hongik University, Seoul, South Korea

Solo Exhibitions

  • 2019

    InterludeL Perdu, Lehmann Maupin, New York, NY

  • City of the Sun, SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, GA

  • 2018

    Lee Bul: Crash, Martin Gropius-Bau, Berlin, Germany

  • Lee Bul: Crashing, Hayward Gallery, London, United Kingdom

  • 2017

    After Bruno Taut, Thaddeus Ropac, London, United Kingdom

  • Lehmann Maupin, New York, NY

  • 2016

    Lee Bul, Artsonje Center, Seoul, South Korea

  • 2015

    Lee Bul, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada

  • Lee Bul: Aubade III, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France

  • Lee Bul, PKM Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

  • Espai d’art contemporani de Castelló, Castelló, Spain

  • Into Lattice Sun, Swarovski Crystal Worlds, Innsbruck, Austria

  • Musée d’art modern de Saint-Etienne, Saint-Priest-en-Jarez, France

  • 2014

    Korean Cultural Centre, London, United Kingdom

  • MMCA Hyundai Motor Series 2014: Lee Bul, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Lehmann Maupin, New York, NY

  • Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, United Kingdom

  • 2013

    MUDAM – Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, Luxembourg

  • Pure Invisible Sun, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France

  • Inaugural Hong Kong Exhibition, Lehmann Maupin, Hong Kong

  • 2012

    Artsonje Center, Seoul, South Korea

  • From me, belongs to you only, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan

  • 2010

    PKM Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

  • Lehmann Maupin, New York, NY

  • 2009

    Paintings and Drawings Gallery, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France

  • 2008

    PKM Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

  • Lehmann Maupin, New York, NY

  • 2007

    Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Paris, France

  • Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Salzburg, Austria

  • PKM Gallery, Seoul, South Korea Domus Artium 2002, Salamanca, Spain

  • 2005

    SCAI the Bathhouse, Tokyo, Japan

  • Govett-Brewster Art Gallery, New Plymouth, New Zealand

  • 2004

    Museum of Contemporary Art Australia, Sydney, Australia

  • PKM Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

  • Deitch Projects, New York, NY

  • 2003

    Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, WA

  • Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow, Scotland

  • Ohara Museum of Art, Kurashiki, Japan

  • The Japan Foundation, Tokyo, Japan

  • Scottsdale Museum of Contemporary Art, Scottsdale, AZ

  • 2002

    The Power Plant, Toronto, Canada

  • MAC, Galeries Contemporaines des Musées de Marseille, Marseille, France

  • Jean Paul Slusser Gallery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

  • Life Forever, New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, NY

  • Le Consortium centre d’art contemporain, Dijon, France

  • PKM Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

  • Rodin Gallery, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, CA

  • 2001

    Fabric Workshop and Museum, Philadelphia, PA

  • SCAI the Bathhouse, Tokyo, Japan

  • San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA

  • BAWAG Foundation, Vienna, Austria

  • 2000

    Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan

  • Kukje Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

Group Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Phantom Plane, Cyberpunk in the Year of the Future, Tai Kwun Contemporary, Hong Kong

  • Negotiating Boundaries, Korean Culture Centre UK, London, UK

  • Objects of Desire: Surrealism and Design 1924 – Today, Vitra Design Museum, Weil am Rhein, Germany

  • Utopian Imagination, Ford Foundation, New York, NY

  • Cosmologic Arrows, Bonniers Konsthall, Stockholm, Sweden

  • Five Artists: Sites Encountered, M+, Hong Kong

  • 58th Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy

  • PRISM FANTASY: New Ways to View Light, Paradise Art Space, Incheon, South Korea

  • The Nature Rules: Dreaming of Earth Project, Hara Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan

  • Wuzhen Contemporary Art Exhibition, Wuzhen, China

  • An Opera for Animals, Para Site, Hong Kong

  • DMZ, Culture Station Seoul 284, Seoul, South Korea

  • APMA CHAPTER ONE, Amorepacific Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • 2018

    Zombies: Pay Attention!, Aspen Art Museum, Aspen, CO

  • Liminal Encounters, Asia Society Hong Kong

  • Bangkok Art Biennale, Bangkok, Thailand

  • 1998-2008-2018 Enfant Terrible as ever: Ssamzie Collection, Donuimun Museum Village, Seoul, South Korea

  • In the Eye of the Beholder, Tarble Arts Center, Charleston, IL

  • GMoMA Collection Highlights, Gyeonggi Museum of Art, Ansan, South Korea

  • 2018 Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial, Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennale, Honcho, Japan

  • 38th EVA International Biennial, EVA Biennial, Limerick City, Ireland

  • SeMA 30th anniversary Digital Promenade, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • 38th EVA International Biennial, curated by Inti Guerrero, Limerick City, Ireland

  • Art in the Age of the Internet, 1989 to Today, Institute of Contemporary Art Boston, Boston, MA

  • 2017

    Discordant Harmony, Beijing Inside-Out Art Museum, Beijing, China

  • Highlights: La Collection de la Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Score_ Music for Everyone, Daegu Art Museum, Daegu, Korea

  • 2016

    X: Korean Art in the Nineties, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • SPLIT. Spiegel. Licht. Reflexion, SCHAUWERK Sindelfingen, Sindelfingen, Germany

  • Fired Up: Women in Glass, Mint Museum, Charlotte, NC

  • 30th Anniversary Group Exhibition: As the Moon Waxes and Wanes, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Gwacheon, South Korea

  • The Future is already here – it’s just not very evenly distributed, curated by Stephanie Rosenthal, 20th Biennale of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

  • Intriguing Uncertainties, Musée d'art Moderne et Contemporain de Saint-Etienne Métropole, Saint-Priest-en-Jarez, France

  • 2015

    Beyond Public Art, Abu Dhabi Art, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

  • How to live? - Images of the Future from Malevich to Fujimoto, Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen, Germany

  • Renaissance, Lille3000, Lille, France

  • Space Age, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France

  • Uproarious, Heated, Inundated, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Echigo-Tsumari Art Trienniale, Echigo-Tsumari, Japan

  • Miss Dior, Ullens Center for Contemporary Art, Beijing, China

  • Storylines: Contemporary Art at the Guggenheim, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY

  • Collection 1: Where you meet with narratives, 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa

  • Espirit Dior, Dongdaemun Design Plaza, Seoul, South Korea

  • Artists for Ikon, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, United Kingdom

  • Making Traces: Magda Cordell and Lee Bul, Tate Modern, London, UK

  • Future Seasons Past, Lehmann Maupin, New York, NY

  • In Search of Meaning – The Human Figure in Global Perspective, Museum De Fundatie, Zwolle, the Netherlands

  • 2014

    The Art of Our Time: Masterpieces from The Guggenheim Collections, Guggenheim Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain

  • Now-ism: Abstraction Today!, Pizzuti Collection, Columbus, OH

  • Burning Down the House, curated by Jessica Morgan, 10th Gwanju Biennale, Gwanju, Korea

  • Beyond and Between, Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Late Modern and Contemporary Art, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

  • Blood Flames Revisited, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York, NY

  • Esprit Dior – Miss Dior, Shanghai Sculpture Art Center, Shanghai, China

  • Misled by Nature: Contemporary Art and the Baroque, Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art, Toronto, Canada

  • 2013

    Espirit Dior-Miss Dior, Galerie Courbe, Grand Palais, Paris, France

  • Awakening-Where Are We Standing?- Earth, Memory, and Resurrection, curated by Taro Igarashi, Aichi Trienniale 2013, Nagoya, Japan

  • 2012

    (Im)Possible Landscape, PLATEAU, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Misled by Nature, Art Gallery of Alberta, Alberta, Canada

  • BIOS – Konzepte des Lebens in der zeitgenössischen Skulptur, Georg Kolbe Museum, Berlin, Germany

  • Nostalgia is an Extended Feedback, Nam June Paik Art Center, Yongin, Korea

  • Invisible Cities, MASS MoCA, North Adams, MA

  • Wide Open School, Hayward Gallery, London, United Kingdom

  • 2011

    Countdown, curated by Sungwon Kim, Culture Station Seoul 248, Seoul, South Korea

  • Space Study, PLATEAU (formerly Rodin Gallery), Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Contemporary Craft, Now & Here, curated by Chung Joonmo, Cheongju International Craft Biennale, Cheongiu, Korea

  • 2010

    Transformation, Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

  • New Décor, Hayward Gallery, London, United Kingdom; Garage Center for Contemporary Culture, Moscow, Russia

  • PKM Gallery, Seoul, South Korea

  • Fantasmagoria, the mythical world, Les Abattoirs, Toulouse, France

  • Morality Act VI: Remember Humanity, Witte de With, Center for Contemporary Art, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

  • Itinéraires de l'élégance, entre l'Orient et l'Occident, Villa Empain, Boghossian Foundation, Brussels, Belgium

  • The Flower of May, Gwangju Museum of Art, Gwangju, Korea

  • New Art for a New Century: Contemporary Acquisitions, 2000-2010, Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, CA

  • Fragmentary Anatomy of Every Setting Sun, permanent installation, Hara Museum ARC, Gunma, Japan

  • The Infinite Starburst of Your Cold Dark Eyes, PMK Gallery I Bartleby Bickle & Meursault, Seoul, South Korea

  • 2009

    GAGARIN, The Artists in their Own Words, Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent, Belgium

  • Void of Memory, curated by Mami Kataoka and Sunjung Kim, Platform Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

  • Kimusa (Former Defense Security Command Site), Seoul, South Korea

  • 2008

    Prospect.1: A Biennial for New Orleans, curated by Dan Cameron, New Orleans, LA

  • Life? Biomorphic Forms in Sculpture, Kunsthaus Graz, Graz, Austria

  • Mobile Art: Chanel Contemporary Art Container, designed by Zaha Hadid, Hong Kong; Tokyo, Japan; New York, NY

  • Fluid Street – Alone, Together, Museum of Contemporary Art Kiasma, Helsinki, Finland

  • Fragile Beauty: Glass in the Focus of Art, Museum Kunstpalast, Dusseldorf, Germany

  • Art Is For The Spirit: Works from the UBS Art Collection, Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan

  • 2007

    Tomorrow, Artsonje Center, Seoul, South Korea

  • Time Present, Time Past, Istanbul Museum of Modern Art, Istanbul, Turkey

  • Not Only Possible, But Also Necessary: Optimism in the Age of Global War, 10th International Istanbul Biennial, Curated by Hou Hanru, Istanbul, Turkey

  • Global Feminisms, Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY

  • 2006

    Real Utopia, 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Japan

  • Dirty Yoga, Curated by Dan Cameron, Taipei Biennial, Taipei, Taiwan

  • The Past Made Present: Contemporary Art and Memory, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX 1

  • 100 Years of Korean Art – Part 2, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Uneasy Nature, Weatherspoon Art Museum, Greensboro, NC

  • 2005

    Baroque and Neo-Baroque: The Hell of the Beautiful, Domus Artium 2002, Salamanca, Spain

  • Gorgeous Isn’t Good Enough, HangarBicocca, Milan, Italy

  • California Modern, Orange County Museum of Art, Newport Beach, CA

  • Art Unlimited, Art 36 Basel, Switzerland

  • Visions of the Body, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • IDYL – as to answer that picture, Middelheimmuseum, Antwerp, Belgium

  • Encounters with Modernism, National Museum of Art, Deoksugung Palace, Seoul, South Korea

  • (my private) HEROES, Marta Herford, Herford, Germany

  • New Acquisitions 2004, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • 2004

    The Nature Machine, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane, Australia

  • Encounters in the 21st Century: Polyphony – Emerging Resonances, 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Japan

  • Inaugural exhibition, Leeum, Samsung Museum of Modern Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Why Not Live For Art?, Tokyo Opera City Art Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

  • Standing on a Bridge, Arario Gallery, Cheonan, Korea

  • Andererseits: Die Phantastik, Landesgalerie, Linz, Austria

  • Artes Mundi Prize, National Museum and Gallery, Cardiff, UK

  • 2003

    world rush_4 artists, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

  • Five: The Artsonje Collection, Artsonje Center, Seoul, South Korea

  • Girls Don’t Cry, Parco Museum, Tokyo, Japan

  • The Uncanny, Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Canada

  • 2002

    Shape, 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Japan

  • BINGO, Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac, Paris, France

  • Fusion Cuisine, Deste Foundation for Contemporary Art, Athens, Greece

  • Walk Around Time: Selections from the Permanent Collection, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN

  • The Uncanny, Vancouver Art Galley, Vancouver, Canada; Edmonton Art Gallery, Edmonton, Canada

  • My Reality: The Culture of Anime, Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, OH

  • 2001

    Record All Over, 9th Biennale de l’Image en Mouvement, curated by Françoise Ninghetto with Catherine Pavlovic, Mamco, Musée d’art modern et contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland

  • ARS 01: Third Space, Museum of Contemporary Art Kiasma, Helsinki, Finland

  • Egofugal, Curated by Yuko Hasegawa, 7th International Istanbul Biennial, Istanbul, Turkey

  • Connivence, Curated by Laurence Hazout-Dreyfus, 6th Biennale de Lyon, Lyon, France

  • The Collection of 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Japan

  • Body as Byte, Kunstmuseum Luzern, Luzern, Switzerland

  • 01.01.01: Art in Technological Times, SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA

  • My Reality: The Culture of Anime, Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA; Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY

  • Let’s Entertain, Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, Wolfsburg; Perez Art Museum Miami (PAMM), Miami, FL

  • 2000

    Au-delà du Spectacle, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

  • Shanghai Biennale, curated by Toshio Shimizu and Hou Hanru, Shanghai Art Museum, Shanghai, China

  • media_city seoul, curated by Barbara London and Jeremy Millar, Seoul Museum of Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Lust Warande, organized by Fundament Foundation, De Oude Warande, Tilburg, The Netherlands

  • Air Air, Grimaldi Forum, Monaco

  • Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial, selected by Nancy Spector and curated by Fram Kitagawa, Echigo-Tsumari, Japan

  • Zeitwenden, Künstlerhaus Wien, and Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, Vienna, Austria

  • Tourlou, tourlou, Melina Mercouri Art Space, Hydra, Greece

  • Der anagrammatische Körper, Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany

  • La casa, il corpo, il cuore, National Gallery, Prague, Czech Republic

  • Continuum 001, curated by Rebecca Gordon Nesbitt, Centre for Contemporary Arts, Glasgow, Scotland

  • Let’s Entertain, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; Portland Art Museum, Portland, OR

  • Slowness of Speed, Artsonje Center, Seoul, South Korea

Commissions

  • 2015

    Echigo-Tsumari Art Trienniale, Echigo-Tsumari, Japan

  • Design Lab, Asian Culture Complex, Gwanju, Seoul, South Korea

  • Into Lattice Sun, Swarovski Crystal Worlds, Innsbruck, Austria

  • 2005

    Govett-Brewster Art Gallery, New Plymouth, New Zealand

Collections

  • 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, Japan

  • Amore Pacific Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea

  • Arario Collection, Korea

  • Artsonje Center, Seoul, South Korea

  • Art Fund under Art Fund International for joint ownership by The New Art Gallery Wlsall and Birmingham Museum Trust, 2013 (2013.0010)

  • Bawag P.S.K Contemporary, Vienna, Austria

  • Bernard Arnault Collection, Paris, France

  • Daegu Museum of Art, Daegu, South Korea

  • Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan

  • Govett-Brewster Art Gallery, New Plymouth, New Zealand

Publications

  • 2012

    “Lee Bul: From Me, Belongs to You Only,” Mori Art Museum, Tokyo, Japan

  • 2007

    “Lee Bul: On Every New Shadow,” Fondation Cartier pour l’arte contemporain, Paris, France

  • 2005

    “Lee Bul,” Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia

  • 2004

    “Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique,” Duke University press, p. 671 – 677

  • “Lee Bul,” Preface by Elizabeth Ann Macgregor and text by Rachel Kent. Sydney: Museum of Contemporary Art

  • 2003

    “Lee Bul, the monster show,” Le Consortium, Contemporary Art Center, Dijon, France

  • “Lee Bul, monsters,” Les presses du reel, Dijon, France

  • 2002

    “Lee Bul,” Foreword by Ra Hee Hong Lee and text by Ahn Soyeon. Samsung Museum of Modern Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • 2001

    “Lee Bul, The Divine Shell,” Bwag Foundation, Vienna, Austria

  • “Lee Bul: Live Forever Act 1,” San Francisco Art Institute and The Fabric Workshop and Museum, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA

Bibliography

  • 2019

    Lee Bull Awarded Ho-Am Prize for the Arts,” Artforum, 9 April.

  • Russeth, Andrew. “Here’s the 2019 Venice Biennale Artist List,” ARTnews, 7 March.

  • 2018

    Miles, Ned Carter. “Crashing, Lee Bul,” ArtAsiaPacific, September/October issue.

  • “Sculpting Bliss,” The Nation, 31 July.

  • Small, Zachary. “An Artist’s Violent and Beautiful Reflections of South Korea,” Hyperallergic, 26 July.

  • Gayford, Martin. “If you like monstrosities, head to the Hayward Gallery,” The Spectator, 19 July.

  • “Eclectic Installations,” Aesthetica, 12 July.

  • Lloyd-Smith, Harriet. “London’s Hayward Gallery Celebrates 50th Birthday,” Wallpaper, 11 July.

  • “Lee Bul On The Inspiration Behind Her Futuristic Show At The Hayward Gallery,” Google Arts & Culture, 10 July.

  • Revely-Calder, Cal. “The monstrous bodies of Lee Bul,” Apollo Magazine, 10 July.

  • Kwon, Mee Yoo. “Lee Bul’s dystopian utopia on view in London,” The Korea Times, 9 July.

  • “After Dansaekhwa: South Korea’s new generation of artists,” Christie’s, 8 June.

  • Ure-Smith, Jane. “Sculpture and non-sculpture: London galleries showcase Korean art,” Financial Times, 4 June.

  • Cumming, Laura. “Lee Bul: Crashing review - beauty with menace,” The Guardian, 3 June.

  • Silva Da José and Harris Gareth. “Three to see: London,” The Art Newspaper, 1 June.

  • Eastham, Ben. “Lee Bul at Hayward Gallery, London,” ArtReview, Summer issue.

  • 2017

    Dziewior, Yilmaz. “Looking Forward,” Freize Week Magazine, London 2017.

  • Liu, Ming. “Cutting-edge Korean art in New York,” How to Spend It, Financial Times, 11 January.

  • 2015

    Tylevich, Katya. “Mirror, Mirror,”Frame Magazine, July/August, p 130 - 138.

  • 2014

    Teo, Wenny. “Lee Bul: The Korean artist looks to the failed utopias of the past to present a disturbing vision of the future,” ArtReview Asia, Autumn & Winter 2014, p. 38 - 45.

  • Ure-Smith, Jane. “Lee Bul retrospective at Ikon Gallery, Birmingham,” Financial Times, 5 September.

  • Kerr, Merrily. “Lee Bul,” Time Out New York, 12 – 18 June.

  • Frank, Priscillia. “New York's Latest Art Attraction Will Trap You In A Room Of Infinite Mirrors,” Huffington Post, 5 June.

  • Rosenthal, Emerson. “Lee Bul’s Labyrinth of Infinity Mirrors: Via Negativa II,” The Creator’s Project, 22 May.

  • Thorne, James. “Utopian labyrinth headlines the South Korean artist's latest exhibition,” Cool Hunting, 5 May.

  • 2013

    Masters, Hg. “Where I work: Lee Bul,” Art Asia Pacific, March/April.

  • Pollard, Gary. “Lehmann Maupin Gallery Opens in Hong Kong…” The Works Program at Rthk.hk, 26 March, video segment from 1:08 - 5:15.

  • Eaton, Phoebe. “The Reincarnation of Seoul,” T Magazine, 22 March.

  • Arikoglu, Lale. “Lee Bul’s Inaugural Exhibition at Lehmann Maupin, Hong Kong,” Whitewall, 20 March.

  • Li, Zoe. “Lee Bul on Her Inaugural Lehmann Maupin Hong Kong Show,” ArtInfo, 15 March.

  • Uttam, Payal. “An Expansive Sculptor Goes Inward,” The Wall Street Journal, Scene Asia, 13 March.

  • “Lee Bul,” TimeOut Hong Kong, 13 March.

  • 2012

    Kataoka, Mami, ed. Texts by Mami Kataoka, Akira Mizuta Lippit, Woo Jung-Ah, and interview by Nicolaus Schafhausen.

  • “Lee Bul: From Me, Belongs to You Only.” Tokyo: Mori Art Museum.

  • Lee-Young, Joanne. “To doze, design in Hong Kong.” Wall Street Journal, 18 May.

  • Goss, Rob. “Great places to hang in Tokyo.” Time Magazine (international editions), 14 May, Hong Kong, London, Sydney.

  • Ozaki, Tetsuya. “Out of Tokyo: The ingenuity of Lee Bul’s show.” Realtokyo, 5 April.

  • Wee, Darryl. “Critics’ Picks: Lee Bul.” Artforum, 27 March.

  • Chung, Joon-mo. “The confessions of Lee Bul.” Wolgan Misool, March.

  • Jung, Hyung-mo. “The provocative Lee Bul takes stock of 20 years as an artist.” Joongang Sunday, 12 February.

  • Kee, Joan. “Lee Bul: From me, Belongs to you only.” Artforum, January. p. 127.

  • Wakeling, Emily. “Lee Bul: Inspired by the past imperfect.” Japan Times, 5 April.

  • Hwang, You-mee. “After two decades, artist Lee Bul shares her secrets.” Korea Herald, 6 February.

  • 2011

    Ahn, Soyeon. “Space Study. Seoul: PLATEAU”, Samsung Museum of Modern Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • Weibel, Peter, ed. CAR CULTURE. Medien der Mobilität. Karlsruhe: Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie.

  • Woo, Jung-Ah. “Memories of a failed utopia, The vision of our age: critical texts on modern and contemporary Korean artists,” Hakgojae.

  • Amy, Michäel. “Lee Bul: Phantasmic Morphologies.” Sculpture, May. p. 20 – 27.

  • 2010

    Lee, Yongwoo, ed. “The Flower of May: The May 18 Uprising’s 30th Anniversary,” Gwangju: Gwangju Biennale Foundation, Korea.

  • Nakazawa, Shinichi, et al. “Transformation,” Tokyo: Access Publishing.

  • Rugoff, Ralph, ed. “The New Décor,” London: Hayward Gallery.

  • Genocchio, Benjamin. “Concrete Poetry,” Art + Auction, November.

  • Schatzker, Mark. “Art & Seoul,” W Magazine, November.

  • Khemsurov, Monica. “The Remix – Fun House?” T: The New York Times Style Magazine, 3 October.

  • “Lee Bul / Now, Here, 4AM, Freeze-Frame,” SOME/THINGS, September.

  • Sherwin, Skye. “Artist of the Week 97: Lee Bul,” The Guardian, (London) 21 July.

  • Wolff, Rachel. “Label Conscious,” Art + Auction, June.

  • Pollack, Barbara. “Reviews: Lee Bul,” Time Out New York, 3 - 9 June.

  • Maerkle, Andrew. “Modernism put in perspective,” Japan Times, 9 April.

  • Cathy Rose A. Garcia. “Lee Bul Pioneers Korean Contemporary Art,” Korea Times, 5 February.

  • 2009

    Ahn, Soyeon. “A Strategy of Deconstruction and Reconstruction: Lee Bul’s Writing of History,” Mappings of Korean contemporary art. Seoul: Hakgojae.

  • Kim, Sunjung, et. al. “Platform 2009: Platform in Kimusa,” Seoul: SAMUSO Space for Contemporary Art.

  • Pakesch, Peter, et al. “Life?: Biomorphic Forms in Sculpture,” Köln: Buchhandlung Walther König.

  • Sawyer, Miranda. “Frieze Art Fair: not deaf to the times,” The Observer (London), 18 October.

  • Gavin, Francesca. “Lee Bul’s Staircase to the Grand Salon,” AnOther Magazine, Spring/Summer, London.

  • Song, Mi-sook. “Utopia’s phantasm,” Art in Culture, January.

  • 2008

    “Art is for the Spirit: Works from The UBS Art Collection,” Tokyo: Mori Art Museum

  • Cameron, Dan, ed. “Prospect.1,” New Orleans. New York: PictureBox.

  • Heartney, Eleanor. Art & Today. London: Phaidon.

  • Til, Barbara, ed. “Zerbrechliche Schönheit: Glas im Blick der Kunst,”. Ostfildern and Düsseldorf: Hatje Cantz and Museum Kunst Palast.

  • Tinari, Philip. “Mon Grand Récit: Weep Into Stones . . .” Fluid Street: Alone, Together. Ed. Maaretta Jaukkuri and Jari-Pekka Vanhala. Helsinki: Museum of Contemporary Art Kiasma.

  • Jasso, Karla. Arte, Tecnología y Feminismo: Nuevas Figuraciones Simbólicas. Mexico City: Universidad Iberoamericana.

  • “Nonkonforme Veteranen mischen den aktuellen Kunstmarkt auf,” Capital, (Hamburg) 21 October.

  • Heartney, Eleanor. “Lee Bul: Lehmann Maupin Gallery,” Art in America, September.

  • Ozaki, Tetsuya. “Chanel Mobile Art: Arts in the Pavilion,” High Fashion, August.

  • Pollack, Barbara. “In the Studio: Lee Bul,” Art + Auction, June.

  • Grigg-Saito, Katrina. “Zaha Hadid’s Chanel UFO,” Japan Times, 19 June

  • “Art Short List: Lee Bul,” The New Yorker, 9 June.

  • Weiner, Emily. “Reviews: Lee Bul,” Time Out New York, 5 - 11 June.

  • “Lee Bul,” GAGARIN, May, Antwerp.

  • Murray, Soraya. “Cybernated Aesthetics: Lee Bul and the Body Transfigured,” PAJ: A Journal of Performance and Art, May.

  • Rosenberg, Karen. “Art in Review: Lee Bul,” New York Times, 30 May.

  • McInerney, Jay. “The Art Party,” Portfolio, March.

  • Waldron, Glenn. “Art craft,” Wallpaper, March.

  • Preske, Mari. “Utopian Novelty,” Surface, Spring.

  • Bovino, Emily Verla. “Critics’ Picks: Lee Bul,” Arforum, 18 January 23 May.

  • Kim, Sunjung. “Lee Bul: On Every New Shadow,” ART iT, Winter/Spring.

  • 2007

    Ayvaz, Ilkay Balic, ed. “10th International Istanbul Biennial: Not Only Possible But Also Necessary. Optimism in the Age of Global War,” Istanbul: Istanbul Foundation for Culture and Arts.

  • Collins, Judith. Sculpture Today, London: Phaidon.

  • Cuevas, F Javier Panera, ed. Barrocos y Neobarrocos: El Infierno de lo Bello. Salamanca: Fundación Salamanca Ciudad de Cultura.

  • Ileri, Cem, ed. “Time Present Time Past: Highlights from 20 Years of the International Istanbul Biennial,” Texts by David Elliott, et al. Istanbul: Istanbul Modern.

  • Kim, Sunjung, et. al. “Tomorrow,” Seoul: SAMUSO Space for Contemporary Art.

  • “Lee Bul,” Foreword by Greg Burke and texts by Charles Green and Charlotte Huddleston. New Plymouth: Govett-Brewster Art Gallery.

  • “Lee Bul: Aseptia. Texts by Javier Panera, Paco Barragan, and Hou Hanru,” Salamanca: Fundación Salamanca.

  • “Lee Bul: On every New Shadow,” Interview by Grazia Quaroni. Paris: Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain.

  • Reilly, Maura, and Linda Nochlin, eds. “Global Feminisms: New Directions in Contemporary Art,” New York: Merrell in association with Brooklyn Museum.

  • Masters, HG. “Wayward Tangents,” Art AsiaPacific, November/December.

  • Hubbard, Sue. “Lee Bul,” Contemporary.

  • Ostlind, Nicolas. “An excess of curating,” Japan Times, 13 September.

  • Heartney, Eleanor. “Worldwide Women,” Art in America, June/July.

  • Vine, Richard. “Report from Taipei II: The Blurennial,” Art in America, June/July.

  • Hwang, You-mee. “Artist Lee Bul tells a story of broken dreams,” Korea Herald, 23 April.

  • Kunitz, Daniel. “A Sprawling, Riotous Argument,” New York Sun, 22 March.

  • Jiménez, Carlos. “Los fantasmas blancos,” El Pais (Madrid), 11 February.

  • Mayer, Mariano. “Lee Bul,” NEO2, February, Madrid.

  • Paineau, Fabrice. “Bloc Notes,” L’Officiel, February, Paris.

  • 2006

    Cameron, Dan, et al “Dirty Yoga: 2006 Taipei Biennial,” Taipei: Taipei Fine Arts Museum.

  • Murata, Daisuke, ed. “Real Utopia: Stories of the Unlimited,” Kanazawa: 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art.

  • “100 Years of Korean Art, Part 2: Tradition, Human, Reality,” Seoul: National Museum of Contemporary Art.

  • “Uneasy Nature,” Foreword by Nancy Doll and text by Xandra Eden. Greensboro: Weatherspoon Art Museum

  • Devenport, Rhana. “Lee Bul, Govett-Brewster Art Gallery,” Art AsiaPacific. “Explosión Futurista,” NEO2, July-August, Madrid.

  • 2005

    “Encounters in the 21st Century: Polyphony – Emerging Resonances,” Interview by Yuko Hasegawa. Kyoto and Kanazawa: Tankosha in association with 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art.

  • “Encounters with Modernism: Highlights from the Stedelijk Museum and the National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea,” Seoul: National Museum of Contemporary Art.

  • Hoet, Jan, ed. (“My private) Heroes,” Texts by Anne Marie Bonnet, Boris Groys, and Jan Hoet. Bielefeld and Herford: Kerber in association with MARTa Herford.

  • “IDYL as to answer that picture,” Texts by Philippe Pirotte and Gerrit Vermeiren. Antwerp: Middelheim museum.

  • Lee, James B. “Lee Bul: Mon grand récit: Weep into stones . . .,” Brochure accompanying artist’s participation in “Art Unlimited,” Art 36 Basel, Switzerland. Seoul: Kukje Gallery.

  • “New Acquisitions 2004,” Seoul: National Museum of Contemporary Art.

  • Nii, Rie, ed. “Visions of the Body,” Tokyo: The Japan Foundation.

  • Hasegawa, Yuko. “Lee Bul,” ART iT, Summer/Fall.

  • Clifford, Andrew. “Monuments to architectural fantasy,” New Zealand Herald, 3 August.

  • Green, Charles. “Lee Bul, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney,” Artforum, May, p. 261.

  • O’Brien, Sophie. “Lee Bul,” Broadsheet, Spring, Parkside, Australia.

  • Ballentine, Sandra. “The Talk – Beauty and the Artiste,” The New York Times Style Magazine 20 February.

  • 2004

    “Andererseits: Die Phantastik, Imaginäre Welten in Kunst und Alltagskultur,” Texts by Peter Assmann, et al. Weitra, Austria: Bibliothek der Provinz.

  • Jackson, Tessa, ed. “Artes Mundi: Wales International Visual Art Prize,” Wales: Artes Mundi and Seren.

  • “Standing on a Bridge,” Cheonan: Arario Gallery.

  • Yuill, Simon, and Kerstin Mey, eds. “Cross-Wired: Communication–Interface–Locality,” (Transcript). Manchester: Manchester University Press.

  • Rhee, Jieun. “From Goddess To Cyborg: Mariko Mori and Lee Bul,” n. paradoxa, London.

  • Angeloro, Dominique. “Lee Bul.” Sydney Morning Herald, 3 December.

  • Kee, Joan. “Trouble in New Utopia,” Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique, November, Durham.

  • O’Brien, Bridget. “Art’s Mechanical Monsters,” Korea Times (Seoul) 9 October.

  • Yang, Eunhee. “Too Beautiful to be a Monster: Lee Bul at Deitch Projects,” NY Arts, July- August.

  • Harris, Jane. “Pleasures and Terrors: Lee Bul's Phantasmic Sci-Fi World,” Village Voice, 3 May.

  • Nelson, Robert. “World Rush_4 Artists,” The Age (Melbourne) 4 February.

  • 2003

    Bakargiev, Carolyn Christov, et al. Cream 3. London: Phaidon.

  • Boutoux, Thomas, ed. Hans Ulrich Obrist Interviews. Milan: Charta in association with Fondazione Pitti Imagine Discovery, Florence.

  • De Oliveira, Nicolas, Nicola Oxley, and Michael Petry. “Installation Art in the New Millennium.” London: Thames & Hudson.

  • Furuichi, Yasuko, ed. “Lee Bul: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum,” Text by Kang Tae-hi and interview by Kim Seung-duk. Tokyo: Japan Foundation Asia Center.

  • Kitazawa, Hiromi, Otoe Nii, and Toshi Shibata, eds. “Girls Don’t Cry,” Tokyo: Nanjo and Associates and Parco.

  • “world rush_4 artists: Doug Aitken, Eija-Liisa Ahtila, Lee Bul and Sarah Sze,” Texts by Mieke Bal, Kelly Gellatly, Charles Green, Jeffrey Kastner, and Jason Smith. Melbourne: National Gallery of Victoria.

  • Stroud, Marion Boulton. “New Material as New Media: The Fabric Workshop and Museum,” Boston: MIT Press.

  • Coslovich, Gabriella. “The bigger picture,” The Age, (Melbourne) 4 December.

  • Engelson, Andrew. “Visual Arts Pick: Lee Bul Live Forever,” Seattle Weekly, 29 October.

  • Hackett, Regina. “Bul’s car veers far afield from her risky olfactory art,” Seattle Post Intelligencer, 24 October.

  • Kangas, Matthew. “Hop in, turn on, rock out: Karaoke pods highlight new shows at the Henry.” Seattle Times, 17 October.

  • “The monster stramash,” Scotland on Sunday, (Edinburgh) 14 September.

  • Macmillan, Duncan. “Imaginary monsters,” The Scotsman, (Edinburgh) 9 September.

  • Black, Catriona. “Where the wild things aren’t,” Sunday Herald (Glasgow) 31 August.

  • Cox, Roger. “Monstrous Ideas,” The Scotsman, (Edinburgh) 8 August.

  • “Lee Bul: The Monster Show,” Scotland on Sunday, (Edinburgh) 3 August.

  • “Canvas: Lee Bul,” ARTnews, March, New York: 30.

  • Kang, Tae-hi. “The construction of the body in Lee Bul’s work,” Wolgan Misool, February.

  • Milroy, Sarah. “A Sound Booth of One’s Own,” The Globe and Mail, (Toronto) 24 January.

  • 2002

    Chadwick, Whitney. “Women, Art, and Society,” London: Thames & Hudson.

  • “Fusion Cuisine,” Athens: Deste Foundation.

  • Gautherot, Franck, ed. “Lee Bul: Monsters,” Texts by Jean-Louis Poitevin and Elisabeth Wetterwald. Dijon: Les Presses du Réel.

  • Jones, Amelia, ed. “The Feminism and Visual Culture Reader,” London: Routledge.

  • Karagoz, Huseyin, ed. “Egofugal: 7th International Istanbul Biennial,” Texts by Yuko Hasegawa, et al. Istanbul: Istanbul Foundation for Culture and Arts.

  • “Lee Bul: Live Forever Act Two,” Introduction by Marion Boulton Stroud and text by Ellen Napier. Philadelphia: Fabric Workshop and Museum.

  • Goddard, Peter. “Toys Have Never Looked So Good.” Toronto Star, 12 December.

  • Kantor, Jordan. “Lee Bul, New Museum of Contemporary Art,” Artforum, October, New York.

  • Johnson, Ken. “Lee Bul: ‘Live Forever,’ ” New York Times, 14 June.

  • Levin, Kim. “Voice Choices, Shortlist,” Village Voice, (New York) 12-18 June.

  • Budick, Ariella. “Karaoke Pods Make This an Exhibit of Note,” Newsday, (New York) 7 June.

  • Sirmans, Franklin. “Lee Bul, ‘Live Forever,’ ” Time Out New York, 6-13 June.

  • Bousteau, Fabrice. “KOREANok,” Beaux Arts, June, Paris.

  • Hoffmann, Frank. “Lee Bul: Cyborgs and Karaoke,” Art in America, May, New York, p. 124 - 127.

  • Kim, Seungduk. “Lee Bul: les deux corps de l’artiste,” art press, May, Paris: p. cover and 18 - 23.

  • Kim, Seungduk. “Lee Bul: l’amazone cyberpunk,” Beaux Arts, May, Paris: p. 46 - 47.

  • Park, Soo-mee. “Pop goes the artist,” Joongang-International Herald Tribune, (Seoul) 19 March.

  • Volk, Gregory. “Back to the Bosphorus,” Art in America, March, New York.

  • Larsen, Lars Bang. “Istanbul Biennial,” Artforum, March, New York.

  • Suzuki, Fumiko. “People: Lee Bul,” Esquire (Japanese edition) February, Tokyo: 25.

  • Chang, Young. “The art of karaoke,” Los Angeles Times, 26 January.

  • 2001

    Biennale de Lyon: art contemporain – Connivence 2001, prélude à 2003. Paris and

  • Lyon: Réunion des musées nationaux and Musée d'art contemporain. “Body as Byte,” Luzern: Kunstmuseum Luzern.

  • “The collection of 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa,” Kanazawa: 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art.

  • D’Alleva, Anne. “Afterword: The New Geographies of Contemporary Art, Art

  • Beyond the West,” by Michael Kampen-O’Riley. London: Laurence King; New York: Harry N. Abrams.

  • Grenville, Bruce, ed. “The Uncanny: Experiments in Cyborg Culture,” Vancouver: Vancouver Art Gallery and Arsenal Pulp Press.

  • Kaitavuori, Kaija, and Minna Raitmaa, eds. “ARS 01 Perspectives,” Helsinki: Museum of Contemporary Art.

  • Laquet, Christine. “Lee Bul,” 9e Biennale de l’Image en Mouvement. Geneva: Centre pour l’image contemporaine Saint-Gervais.

  • “Lee Bul: The Divine Shell,” Texts by Rebecca Gordon Nesbitt and Pat Cadigan. Vienna: BAWAG Foundation.

  • “Lee Bul: Live Forever Act One,” Interview by Clara Kim and text by Roland Kelts. San Francisco: San Francisco Art Institute.

  • “My Reality: Contemporary Art and the Culture of Japanese Animation,” Texts by Jeff Fleming, et al. Des Moines and New York: Des Moines Art Center and Independent Curators International.

  • Roe, Jae-ryung. Contemporary Korean Art. St. Leonards, Australia: Craftsman House in association with Australian Humanities Research Foundation.

  • 01.01.01: Art in Technological Times. San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Sozanski, Edward. “A Voice in the Dark,” Philadelphia Inquirer, 7 December.

  • Morgan, Robert C. “Egofugal: The Winding Out of the 7th Istanbul Biennial,” NY Arts, December, New York.

  • Rice, Robin. “Eternal Song,” Philadelphia City Paper, 22 November.

  • “Mosques and modernity,” The Economist, 25 October, London.

  • Fallon, Roberta. “Through the Colors,” Philadelphia Weekly, 19 September.

  • Camhi, Leslie. “Goddesses and Monsters,” Village Voice, (New York) 30 August.

  • Johnson, Ken. “Sinister Aspects of Japanese Animation,” New York Times, 24 August.

  • Helfand, Glen. “Sing a Song,” Artbyte, July-August, New York: p. 66 - 67.

  • Bonetti, David. “Critics’ Picks,” San Francisco Chronicle, 4 May.

  • Jothady, Manisha. “Quo vadis, homo sapiens?” Frame, May-June, Vienna.

  • Helfand, Glen. “Power pop: Singing along with Lee Bul’s karaoke art,” San Francisco Bay Guardian, 11 April.

  • Krumpl, Doris. “Die Monster, das sind wir selbst,” Der Standard, (Vienna) 3 April.

  • Schor, Gabriele. “Dekonstruierte Weiblichkeit,” Neue Zürcher Zeitung, (Zürich) 1 April.

  • “Der postbiologische Körper.” Neue Zürcher Zeitung (Zürich) 31 March.

  • Borchardt-Birbaumer, Brigitte. “Ritter und Kristallmonster,” Wiener Zeitung, (Vienna)19 March.

  • Bonetti, David. “Bay City Best,” San Francisco Chronicle, 4 March.

  • “010101: Lee Bul,” Wired, 3 March.

  • Gautherot, Franck. “Lee Bul: Supernova in Karaoke Land,” Flash Art International, March-April, Milan.

  • Schmid, Karlheinz. “Shooting-Star: Lee Bul,” Kunstzeitung (Regensburg, Germany) March.

  • “Monstren und Karaoke,” art Das Kunstmagazin, March, Hamburg.

  • Tornquist, Kristin. “Sirenen und Terminatoren,” Kleine Zeitung, (Graz) 28 February.

  • Spingarn-Koff. “010101: Art for Our Times,” Wired, 28 February.

  • Schellner, Andrea. “Lee Bul cracks the ‘divine shell,’ ” Austria Today, (Vienna) 13 February.

  • “Interview with Lee Bul for Cityscape Seoul.” Flash Art International, January-February, Milan.

  • 2000

    “Au-delà du Spectacle,” Paris: Centre Pompidou, 2000.

  • Chen, Long, ed. “2000 Shanghai Biennale,” Texts by Hou Hanru, Toshio Shimizu, and Qing Zhang. Shanghai: Shanghai Fine Arts Publisher.

  • “Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial 2000,” Tokyo: Earth Art Festival Committee, Echigo Tsumari. Jacobson, Karen, ed. “Let’s Entertain: Life’s Guilty Pleasures,” Minneapolis: Walker Art Center.

  • Kurzmeyer, Roman. “Echo” in Zeitwenden–Ausblick. Edited by Jutta Buness. Bonn and Köln: Stiftung für Kunst und Kultur/Kunstmuseum Bonn/DuMont Buchverlag.

  • Kurzmeyer, Roman. “Erlebte Modelle/Model Experience,” Vienna and New York: Springer Verlag.

  • “Lee Bul: Monster + Cyborg,” Texts by Roman Kurzmeyer and Raiji Kuroda. Fukuoka: Fukuoka Asian Art Museum.

  • Media_city. Seoul: Media_city, Seoul Organizing Committee.

  • Nakamura, Hideki. “My Five Best Exhibitions of 2000”. Asahi Shimbun (Tokyo) 14 December.

  • Schwabsky, Barry. “Media City Seoul 2000,” Artforum November, New York.

  • Hasegawa, Yuko. “Proposal of New Human Image: Lee Bul Exhibition,” Gifu Shimbun, (Gifu, Japan) 14 October.

  • Lee Bul. “Obsessions,” Art Journal, Fall, New York: p. 105 - 107.

  • Fouser, Robert. “Lee Bul,” Art AsiaPacific, Fall, St. Leonards, Australia: p. 54 - 61.

  • Volkart, Yvonne. “Lee Bul,” make, September-November, London: p. 4 - 7.

  • “Lee Bul,” ZOO, August, London: p. 170 - 171.

  • Horáková, Dana and Harald Szeemann. “Welt am Sonntag Art-Edition 9: Perlen für einen toten Fisch,” Welt am Sonntag (Hamburg) 4 June.

  • “Lee Bul Invades Art World with Cyborg Monsters,” Korea Times, (Seoul) 1 June.

  • Kim, Mi-hui. “The coming ‘Great Correction,’ ” Korea Herald, (Seoul) 29 May.